PHOTOSTORY: Agroforestry in response to key global issues

Photos from around the planet show World Agroforestry’s work with farmers on climate change, food and nutrition security, adoption of agroforestry, development of policies, and strengthening vulnerable countries and populations.



World Agroforestry has been supporting farmers to adapt to, and mitigate, climate change through trees on farms, which provide multiple environmental and economic benefits.


Spices and fruit agroforestry in India, ICRAF South Asia Region. Ziziphus mauritiana (also known as Chinese date, ‘ber’, Chinese apple, jujube, Indian plum, Regi pandu, Indian jujube, ‘dunks’ and ‘masau’) with Curcuma sp (turmeric) in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India. Photo: World Agroforestry/Devashree Nayak (View and download at Flickr)


A farmer in Gorontalo Province in Indonesia with her agroforestry seedling grown as part of the Climate-smart, Tree-based, Co-investment in Adaptation and Mitigation in Asia project, supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development. Photo: World Agroforestry (View and download at Flickr)


Livestock grazing in a restored ‘ngitili’ system in Africa. From Climate Smart Landscapes: Multifunctionality in Practice book. Photo: World Agroforestry/Lalisa A. Duguma (View and download at Flickr)


Integrated agroforestry system with livestock on sloping land in Nepal. Photo: World Agroforestry (View and download at Flickr)


Vegetable and fruit-tree system for food security and erosion control in Songco, Lantapan, Bukidnon, The Philippines. Photo: World Agroforestry/Eduviges S. Saway (View and download at Flickr)




Integrated tree–crop–livestock–fisheries landscapes provide higher levels of food and nutrition security. World Agroforestry has been working with governments, farmers and NGOs to design interventions that promote healthy landscapes and healthy populations.


Farmer Philemon Onyango (left) and project team members admire a fast-growing Gliricidia tree planted on his farm. The Legume CHOICE project tapped the under-exploited potential of legumes to improve diets and livelihoods of people practising mixed crop and livestock farming active in Kenya, Ethiopia and the Democratic Republic of Congo, the project supplied farmers with their choice of seeds of beans and other legumes, which they grew for home consumption and sale. In addition, the farmers received advice on better land management, part of which was growing useful trees and shrubs. Photo: World Agroforestry/Daniel Odhiambo (View and download at Flickr)


Baobab tree in Malawi, in World Agroforestry’s Eastern and Southern Africa Region. Baobab (Adansonia digitata), also known as ‘mbuyu’, or the African baobab, is a huge wild fruit tree occurring in the drylands of Africa. This tree produces a naturally dehydrated fruit pulp which has five times the vitamin C content of oranges. It also contains vitamins A, B1, B2 and B6, as well as several minerals, including calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, sodium, zinc and magnesium. In addition, its seeds yield an oil that is said to contain omega 3, 6 and 9 fatty acids. The leaves as well as young stems and roots are eaten as vegetables, and are high in protein, vitamin A and iron. Read more about our work with food, nutrition and tree diversity. Photo: World Agroforestry/Stepha McMullin (View and download at Flickr)


David Kenduywo at his farm in Kembu, Bomet County in Kenya. He grows fodder trees, shrubs and grass for his dairy cattle. Photo: World Agroforestry/Sherry Odeyo (View and download at Flickr)


Indonesia is one of the largest coffee producers in the world. The coffee regions in the country include Sumatra, Java, Bali, Flores, Papua and Sulawesi. In Sulawesi, most of the coffee is produced in South Sulawesi Province, with the mountainous area of Toraja as the acclaimed coffee-producing district. However, coffee is also commonly found in other districts, for example, in Bantaeng and Gowa where these farmers are harvesting. Harvest season usually falls April until May. Photo: World Agroforestry/Yusuf Ahmad (View and download at Flickr)




World Agroforestry is supporting the adoption of proven agroforestry approaches with numerous governments and farming communities around the world.


In Central America, over half of the farmland has more than 30% tree cover. Here, in the highlands of Nicaragua, coffee is grown under a canopy of shade trees. Photo: World Agroforestry (View and download at Flickr)


Christophe Kouame (left), manager of the Vision For Change project in Côte d’Ivoire, in a cocoa garden near Soubré. Photo: World Agroforestry (View and download at Flickr)


Farmers tending a pepper garden in Southeast Sulawesi. The Agroforestry and Forestry in Sulawesi project improved rural livelihoods by raising on-farm productivity, encouraging better environmental management, and improving governance. Thousands of farmers and extensionists benefited from training sessions on marketing, establishing demonstration trials, participatory governance and development of land-use models. Photo: World Agroforestry/Yusuf Ahmad (View and download at Flickr)




World Agroforestry recognizes that development of integrated landscapes requires a coordinated policy approach across all levels of government.


Sonya Dewi, World Agroforestry senior scientist, Indonesia at the Twenty-first Conference of the Parties to the United Conventions Framework Convention on Climate Change, speaking on smallholders’ roles in building ‘green’ economies. Photo: World Agroforestry (View and download at Flickr)


Purity Gachanga, a smallholder from Kenya, speaking at the European Commission, International Fund for Agricultural Development and CGIAR Smallholder Farmers event at the Twenty-first Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Conventions Framework Convention on Climate Change. Photo: World Agroforestry (View and download at Flickr)


Visit by Rachel Kyte (left), World Bank vice-president for Sustainable Development and the CGIAR Fund Council chair, to World Agroforestry’s headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya. Photo: World Agroforestry (View and download at Flickr)




World Agroforestry has developed safeguarding, gender, tenure and communications methods and approaches to ensure that vulnerable countries and populations reduce risks and improve livelihoods, social equity and the environment.


Regeneration of vegetation in a stone-wall enclosed area in 2007 in India (right). Photo: World Agroforestry/VP Singh (View and download at Flickr)


Terracing in Abreha Atsbeha, Tigray, Ethiopia. Photo: World Agroforestry/Ake Mamo (View and download at Flickr)


Girls with agroforestry seedlings in Sierra Leone. Photo: World Agroforestry (View and download at Flickr)


An H’mong farmer in Northwest Viet Nam returning home from work in her upland agroforestry system. Photo: World Agroforestry/Robert Fox (View and download at Flickr)




World Agroforestry (ICRAF) is a centre of scientific excellence that harnesses the benefits of trees for people and the environment. Knowledge produced by ICRAF enables governments, development agencies and farmers to utilize the power of trees to make farming and livelihoods more environmentally, socially and economically sustainable at multiple scales. ICRAF is one of the 15 members of the CGIAR, a global research partnership for a food-secure future. We thank all donors who support research in development through their contributions to the CGIAR Fund.


Rob Finlayson

Robert Finlayson is the Southeast Asia program's regional communications specialist. As well as writing stories for the Centre's website, he devises and supervises strategies for projects and the countries in the Southeast Asia region, including scripting and producing videos, supervising editors and translators and also assisting with resource mobilization.

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