Category: Livelihoods

Joan Baxter

Joan Baxter is a communications specialist, journalist and award-winning author, with many years of experience in development and environmental research and writing in Africa and elsewhere.

Farmer Athanus Makokha (centre) explains uses of various trees on her farm to lead author of the study, ICRAF’s John Nyaga (right) and field assistant Robert Situma (left) in Trans Nzoia County, Kenya. The indigenous tree Croton macrostachyus grows on the crop field to the left, while other C. macrostachyus trees as well as Grevillea robusta, Cupressus lusitanica and Eucalyptus spp grow around the homestead area in the background. Credit: J. Nyaga

For every tree a reason — research “in” rather than “for” agroforestry development

In their ground-breaking article about the importance of inserting research into agroforestry development, Ric Coe, Fergus Sinclair and Edmund Barrios of the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) emphasize how important this small but extremely significant change in wording —...

The path to sustainable and productive oil palm might be lined with other crops. In Indonesia, the World Agroforestry Centre has been working with farmers and government to test intercropping of the latex-producing 'jelutung' tree on peat. Photo: World Agroforestry Centre/Robert Finlayson

‘Livelihoods insetting’ attracts oil-palm players

The idea of creating multiple agricultural alternatives for farmers within oil-palm landscapes has attracted interest from large industry players at a conference in Malaysia, the world’s second-biggest producing nation.   Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) is one of the...

Cotton threads naturally dyed using indigo, turmeric and 'mengkudu' (Morinda citrifelia). Photo: World Agroforestry Centre/Aulia Perdana

Improving timber and non-timber products in Indonesia

Understanding how to manage timber and non-timber forest products is particularly important for poorer households in Indonesia. Action research to improve farmers’ understanding is underway.   Combining tree planting with management of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) has been...

Sengon (Albizia sp.) intercropped with seasonal plants. Photo: World Agroforestry Centre/Dony Indiarto

The green alliance that is restoring a national park

In Sukabumi in Indonesia an environmental organization has partnered with a private company, communities and a national park to restore the park’s barren areas.   By Enggar Paramita   When the Indonesian state forestry enterprise Perum Perhutani delineated...

The land use in the district is typical rural landscape mosaic in Central Viet Nam: farmers cultivate home gardens in the vicinity of settlements; paddy rice and annual crops, mostly maize, peanuts and beans, are grown along riverbanks; planted forests, such as acacia plantations, are on more distant, higher, sloping areas. The most distant plots from settlements are the hilly, naturally-regenerating forests. Photo: World Agroforestry Centre/Rachmat Mulia.

Why are Vietnamese farmers not planting trees amid annual crops?

Size of landholding, flooding, and a shortage of knowledge, seedlings and markets are holding back farmers in Viet Nam from planting trees amongst their other crops. Researchers have found ways of overcoming these obstacles.   By Rachmat Mulia...

Gunung Walat forest. Photo: World Agroforestry Centre/Paige McClanahan

In Indonesia, a model of forest management rises from the mud

Sixty years ago, the land that now makes up Indonesia’s Gunung Walat University Forest was almost completely bare. Like so many other parts of Indonesia, which has recorded some of the world’s fastest rates of deforestation, a state-owned...