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ASEAN Guidelines for Agroforestry Development set to revolutionize land use in Southeast Asia

 

Delegates at the Fortieth Meeting of the ASEAN Ministers on Agriculture and Forestry. Photo: ASEAN

 

The endorsement of the Guidelines by the region’s ministers of agriculture and forestry paves the way for implementation to restore degraded landscapes, improve food security and livelihoods, enhance farmers’ resilience and meet nationally determined contributions to climate-change targets.

 

The ASEAN Ministers on Agriculture and Forestry held their 40th meeting on 11 October 2018 in Ha Noi, Viet Nam, under the Chairmanship of H.E. Nguyen Xuan Cuong, Minister of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Viet Nam. At the meeting, the ministers endorsed the ASEAN Guidelines for Agroforestry Development to promote the role of agroforestry in simultaneously achieving economic, environmental and social outcomes at farm, household and landscape levels and help ASEAN Member States achieve their targets related to food security, sustainable growth, reduction of greenhouse-gas emissions, land restoration, watershed protection, gender equality, social/community forestry, climate-change adaptation and mitigation and, more generally, the Sustainable Development Goals.

The ASEAN Senior Officials of Forestry have correspondingly commissioned a curriculum for training of trainers in agroforestry and an agroforestry practitioners’ field guide to be prepared in English for translation into languages of the Member States in the region of 650 million people. The Guidelines are supported by a series of ASEAN agroforestry policy briefs in several languages, with more briefs in development.

Fruit, coffee and cocoa trees in an agroforestry farm in Pontianak, Indonesia. Photo: World Agroforestry/Center for International Forestry Research/Robert Finlayson

Several Member States have already started work on implementing the Guidelines. Both Cambodia and Myanmar are setting out ‘road maps’ for agroforestry development that draw on the lessons in the Guidelines. Based on experience in the two countries, the ASEAN Secretariat has requested a template for creating such road maps that can be used by Member States to ease the process of agroforestry development.

In parallel developments, the work of the national working group on agroforestry in Viet Nam was partly inspired by the process that led to the Guidelines. The working group is particularly focusing on agroforestry’s contributions to the country’s nationally determined contributions to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. In the Philippines, a process has begun to develop a national agroforestry policy or similar guiding document, also inspired by the wider discussions around agroforestry, which has begun to raise general awareness of the benefits of agroforestry across the region, particularly, among governments and farmers.

The Guidelines grew out of the work of the ASEAN Social Forestry Network, which later transformed into the formally endorsed ASEAN Working Group on Social Forestry. The Working Group consists of delegates from Member States’ ministries responsible for social or community forestry. It has been supported over ten years by the ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change, with generous, prescient funding and guidance from the Swiss Development Cooperation Agency.

Agroforestry in Claveria, Philippines. Photo: World Agroforestry/Renz Celeridad

The Partnership provided a secretariat to support the Working Group along with a range of technical partners who provided evidence and recommendations on field development and policies for social forestry, which increasingly recognized the critical role that agroforestry could play in not only protecting natural forests from increasing demand but, importantly, improving the livelihoods of farmers living on forest margins, providing many of the ecosystem services that forests had provided more widely in the past, and helping both farmers and governments adapt to, and mitigate, climate change.

Technical partners included World Agroforestry (ICRAF), Center for International Forestry Research, RECOFTC The Center for People and Forests, Non-Timber Forest Products Exchange Programme and the Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture.

Agroforestry in rice landscape in Myanmar. Photo: World Agroforestry/Robert Finlayson

After a call for an ‘ASEAN agroforestry strategy’ in 2014 and the inclusion of agroforestry in the Vision and Plan for ASEAN Cooperation in Food, Agriculture and Forestry 2016–2025 that was endorsed by the 38th ASEAN Ministers of Agriculture and Forestry meeting in 2016, the 20th ASEAN Senior Officials of Forestry meeting agreed to develop ASEAN guidelines on agroforestry, prompting the ASEAN Secretariat to call on the Partnership’s technical partners, led by ICRAF, to draft the guidelines, which began in late 2016.

In early 2018, a draft was bolstered with inputs from the inaugural meeting of the Mekong Expert Group on Agroforestry for Food and Nutrition Security, Sustainable Agriculture and Land Restoration, which was supported by the Swedish International Agriculture Network Initiative, and input from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The text was subsequently circulated among Member States’ forestry agencies, non-governmental organizations, farmers’ associations, the private sector and other interested parties for further input.

Mixed fruit-tree agroforestry, Lao PDR. Photo: World Agroforestry/Robert Finlayson

A draft ready for endorsement was presented to the regional conference, Harnessing the Potential of Agroforestry for a Prosperous and Resilient ASEAN, held in Da Nang, Viet Nam on 26 June 2018.

The next day, the draft was endorsed by the 12th annual meeting of the ASEAN Working Group on Social Forestry and then at the 21st Meeting of the ASEAN Senior Officials of Forestry held in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar on 12 July 2018. The document was circulated to agriculture ministries in Member States for their input before final approval by the ministers of agriculture and forestry in Ha Noi.

The Guidelines outline 14 principles accompanied by 74 guidelines and five implementation considerations. While voluntary for Member States, endorsement by the ministers indicates strong political will for implementation.

 

READ MORE

Association of South-East Asian Nations. 2018. ASEAN Guidelines for Agroforestry Development. Authors: Catacutan DC, Finlayson RF, Gassner A, Perdana A, Lusiana B, Leimona B, Simelton E, Öborn I, Galudra G, Roshetko JM, Vaast P, Mulia R, Lasco RL, Dewi S, Borelli S, Yasmi Y. Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN Secretariat.

ASEAN AGROFORESTRY POLICY BRIEFS

Please note that the Agroforestry Options for ASEAN series will also be published in Burmese, Khmer and Lao later in 2019.

English language

Van Noordwijk M, Lasco RD. 2016. Agroforestry in Southeast Asia: bridging the forestry–agriculture divide for sustainable development. Policy Brief no. 67. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 1. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

De Royer S, Ratnamhin A, Wangpakapattanawong P. 2016. Swidden-fallow agroforestry for sustainable land use in Southeast Asia. Policy Brief no. 68. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series No.2. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

Hoan DT, Catacutan DC, Nguyen TH. 2016. Agroforestry for sustainable mountain management in Southeast Asia. Policy Brief no. 69. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 3. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Bogor, Indonesia: Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

Widayati A, Tata HL, van Noordwijk M. 2017. Agroforestry in peatlands: combining productive and protective functions as part of restoration. Policy Brief no. 81. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 4. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

Roshetko JM, Mercado Jr. AR, Martini E, Prameswari D. 2017. Agroforestry in the uplands of Southeast Asia. Policy Brief no. 77. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 5. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

Roshetko JM, Finlayson R, Öborn I, Sabastian G, Perdana A, Martini E, Mulyoutami E, Mercado, Jr. A, Jamieson CB, Simelton E, Sinclair F, Wangpakapattanawong P, Ratnamhin A, Prameswari D, Ekawati D, Shono K. 2018. Agroforestry in rice-production landscapes in Southeast Asia. Policy Brief no. 90. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 6. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change, Bangkok, Thailand: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.

ภาษาไทย (Thai language)

Van Noordwijk M, Lasco RD. 2017. วนเกษตรในเอเชียตะวันออกเฉียงใต้: เชื่อมโยงการแบ่งแยกป่าไม้และการเกษตรเพื่อการพัฒนาอย่างยั่งยืน. Agroforestry in Southeast Asia: bridging the forestry–agriculture divide for sustainable development (in Thai language). Policy Brief no. 78. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 1. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

De Royer S, Ratnamhin A, Wangpakapattanawong P. 2017. วนเกษตรในไร่หมุนเวียนเพื่อการใช้ที่ดินอย่างยั่งยืนสาหรับ ประเทศในเอเชียตะวันออกเฉียงใต้. Swidden-fallow agroforestry for sustainable land use (in Thai language). Policy Brief No. 79, Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no.2. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

Hoan DT, Catacutan DC, Nguyen TH. 2017. วนเกษตรเพื่อการจัดการภูเขาอย่างยั่งยืน ในเอเชียตะวันออกเฉียงใต.
Agroforestry for sustainable mountain management in Southeast Asia (in Thai language). Policy Brief no. 80. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 3. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

Widayati A, Tata HL, van Noordwijk M. 2017. วนเกษตรบนพื้นที่ป่าพรุ: การรวมบทบาททางการผลิตและปกป้องสิ่งแวดล้อมเข้าเป็นส่วนหนึ่งของการบูรณะฟื้นฟูป่า. Agroforestry in peatlands: combining productive and protective functions as part of restoration (in Thai language). Policy Brief no. 81. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 4. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese language)

Van Noordwijk M, Lasco RD. 2016. Nông Lâm kết hợp tại Đông Nam Á: Cầu nối giữa nông nghiệp và lâm nghiệp để phát triển bền vững. Agroforestry in Southeast Asia: bridging the forestry–agriculture divide for sustainable development (in Vietnamese language). Policy Brief no 85. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 1. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

De Royer S, Ratnamhin A, Wangpakapattanawong P. 2016. Nông Lâm kết hợp trên đất nương rẫy bỏ hóa để sử dụng đất bền vững ở Đông Nam Á. Swidden-fallow agroforestry for sustainable land use (in Vietnamese language). Policy Brief No 86. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 2. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

Hoan DT, Catacutan DC, Nguyen TH. 2016. Nông Lâm kết hợp để quản lý miền núi bền vững tại Đông Nam Á. Agroforestry for sustainable mountain management in Southeast Asia (in Vietnamese language). Policy Brief No 87. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 3. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

Widayati A, Tata HL, van Noordwijk M. 2016. Nông Lâm kết hợp trên đất than bùn: kết hợp các chức năng sản xuất và bảo vệ như góp phần phục hồi rừng. Agroforestry on peatlands: combining productive and protective functions as part of restoration (in Vietnamese language). Policy Brief no 88. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 4. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

Roshetko JM, Mercado Jr. AR, Martini E, Prameswari D. 2017. Nông Lâm kết hợp tại vùng cao Đông Nam Á. Agroforestry in the uplands of Southeast Asia (in Vietnamese language). Policy Brief no 89. Agroforestry options for ASEAN series no. 5. Bogor, Indonesia: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Southeast Asia Regional Program, Jakarta, Indonesia: ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change.

STORIES ON AGROFORESTRY WORLD

Coming soon: ASEAN Guidelines for Agroforestry Development

ASEAN is rising to the climate-change challenge facing agriculture and forestry

Mekong Group grows support for agroforestry in ASEAN

ASEAN foresters need closer integration

ASEAN calls for agroforestry guidelines

One landscape, one people: meeting national and international goals in ASEAN

One tree, many trunks: ASEAN, national governments and smallholders (Part 2)

One tree, many trunks: agroforestry and the Sustainable Development Goals (Part 1)

Agroforestry is vital to the ASEAN economic community

ASEAN economic integration means huge challenges for trees, farmers and food supply

Switzerland, ASEAN and social forestry: a labour of love

ASEAN needs an agroforestry policy

 

 

 

 

 

 

World Agroforestry (ICRAF) is a centre of scientific excellence that harnesses the benefits of trees for people and the environment. Knowledge produced by ICRAF enables governments, development agencies and farmers to utilize the power of trees to make farming and livelihoods more environmentally, socially and economically sustainable at multiple scales. ICRAF is one of the 15 members of the CGIAR, a global research partnership for a food-secure future. We thank all donors who support research in development through their contributions to the CGIAR Fund.

rfinlayson@cgiar.org'

Rob Finlayson

Robert Finlayson is the Southeast Asia program's regional communications specialist. As well as writing stories for the Centre's website, he devises and supervises strategies for projects and the countries in the Southeast Asia region, including scripting and producing videos, supervising editors and translators and also assisting with resource mobilization.

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