Indonesia and Japan committed to realize low-carbon development
At the recent climate-change conference in Bonn, Germany, ministers of the environment for both nations reiterated their commitment to create sustainable economic growth and low-carbon development
Bambang Brodjonegoro, minister for national development planning in Indonesia, speaking at a session on Indonesia’s Low-Carbon Development Plan: Steps Towards its Implementation, held in the Indonesia Pavilion at the Twenty-third Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 23) in Bonn, Germany, 15 November 2017, promoted the importance of sustainable development to meet current needs without compromising future generations. At the same session, the minister of the environment of the Government of Japan, Masaharu Nakagawa, welcomed Indonesia’s plan to realize low-carbon development and reiterated Japan’s commitment to help Indonesia achieve its goals.
‘Since 2010, the Government of Indonesia has coordinated with sectorial ministries, local governments and others in the implementation and reporting of the greenhouse-gas action plan to reduce emissions’, said Brodjonegoro. ‘Reduction of greenhouse gases in Indonesia reached 10.6 percent in 2016 and is expected to reach 13.47 percent in 2017 if the forestry sector is included’.
To put it another way, Indonesia has succeeded in reducing its national emissions intensity (greenhouse-gas emissions per economic output unit) from 681.16 tonnes of carbon-dioxide equivalent per billion rupiah (≈ USD 74,000) in 2010 to 512.08 t CO2e/billion rupiah in 2016.
‘The Government of Japan is committed to continuing our close collaboration with the Government of Indonesia to realize goals of the Paris Agreement’, said Nakagawa, ‘particularly, through the Green Climate Fund and support for low-carbon, technology-based development’.
Some joint projects have already been successfully implemented, such as an adaptation project in Tuban, East Java, which is contributing to reaching zero emissions, already reducing emissions by up to 100,000 tonnes through the use of waste heat from cement plants. In addition, Kitakyushu Municipality in Japan has is cooperating with the City of Surabaya to improve energy efficiency through technological innovation.
Low-carbon development planning across Indonesia is almost complete, thanks to technical assistance from the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) through deployment of the Land-use Planning for Multiple Environmental Services (LUMENS) method to all 34 provinces, and regulations that have supported climate-change mitigation will be strengthened through a new presidential regulation that mainstreams response to climate change into national development planning.
‘With this regulation, we try to balance economic growth, poverty alleviation and social stability with environmental issues. The premise is that the issue of climate change is not only about reducing greenhouse gas emissions but also includes other equally important aspects such as economic, social and poverty alleviation,’ said Bambang.
The Government of Indonesia recognizes that improving and refining policies to implement low-carbon development is not only a single Ministry or Institute responsibility. This requires coordination and involvement of all elements, both at national and local level, and should be supported by all parties, governments, private sector and public sector.
ICRAF introduces Land-use Planning for Multiple Environmental Services
During the same session, Sonya Dewi, ICRAF Indonesia country coordinator, emphasized the importance of robust land-use planning because economic development targets often experience a disjunction between the need for land and its availability.
As part of ICRAF’s response to the problem, Dewi introduced the LUMENS method.
‘Low-carbon development and green growth require integrated, inclusive and informed planning’, said Dewi. ‘LUMENS is built using these principles and is designed to be a framework for governments, both at the local and national levels, to use in planning for sustainable development’.
Using LUMENS, local governments can develop the zones according to sustainable land-use principles, reckon emissions from various types of land use, estimate any declines in environmental services from development, undertake profit-and-loss analyses and examine trade-offs between community and regional economic incomes, and simulate land-use change scenarios based on various ambitions.
Dewi also outlined seven strategies for low-carbon development that have been mainstreamed through a green- growth plan, developed by ICRAF, into the policies of South Sumatra Province through Governor’s Regulation No. 21/2017.
ICRAF The World Agroforestry Centre is one of the 15 members of the CGIAR, a global partnership for a food-secure future. We thank all donors who support research in development through their contributions to the CGIAR Fund.