Gubernorial Regulation promulgated on green economic growth in South Sumatra, Indonesia
South Sumatra Province continues pushing green-growth planning, aiming for sustainable development, with support from the World Agroforestry Centre
South Sumatra Gubernorial Regulation No. 21/2017 on a Master Plan for Green Economic Growth was officially promulgated on 30 May 2017. The regulation demonstrates the determination of the Government to realize sustainable growth through strengthened planning, conservation of natural resources, protection of environmental functions, and adaptation and mitigation to climate change.
‘South Sumatra is vulnerable to climate change and global warming,’ said Nadjib Asmani, a Governor’s Expert Staff on Climate Change at an event in August to explain the regulation. ‘In 2017, forest fires destroyed 736,000 hectares. In complex landscapes such as South Sumatra, an integrated cross-sectorial approach is needed to address all the issues. This is the basis for the issuance of the regulation.’
The regulation encompasses the Master Plan for Renewable Resources-Driven Green Growth and accompanying intervention strategy, which were developed through the facilitation of ICRAF The World Agroforestry Centre with support from IDH the sustainable trade initiative. South Sumatra’s plan was launched at the First Asia Bonn Challenge High-Level Meeting, held in Palembang, 9–10 May 2017.
‘We are very pleased,’ said Sonya Dewi, ICRAF Indonesia program coordinator and leader of ICRAF’s role in the master-plan project. ‘This is a serious commitment by the Provincial Government to sustainable development. The promulgation of the regulation will help maintain momentum so that the Government can attract more partners for investing in green growth, such as the national government, private sector and communities’.
The plan is inclusive and integrative, based on the principles of Land-use Planning for Multiple Environmental Services, a method that was also developed by ICRAF, which the Ministry for National Development Planning has mandated for use in all 34 provinces.
The Provincial Government of South Sumatra has set several goals for sustainable development in the province: 1) equitable growth; 2) social, economic and environmental resilience; 3) healthy and productive ecosystems that provide environmental services; and 4) reduction of greenhouse-gas emissions.
The process of developing the plan, according to Dewi, was not without its challenges given the complex environment of South Sumatra. Nonetheless, her team succeeded in building greater awareness of the need for such a plan, convincing people that green-oriented growth was not a constraint to development but, rather, could be a greater stimulus.
‘A large part of the challenge was linking existing policies, whether at national or provincial level,’ said Dewi. ‘But we hopefully have succeeded and the master plan can become the main policy guideline in the landscapes of South Sumatra. There is interest from neighbouring provinces, too, so the process could be extended across much of the island.’
There are seven principles that underpin the master plan. First, a focus on improved land-use planning. Second, increasing all five livelihood capitals (financial, human resources, physical, natural resources, and social). Third, improvement of productivity of specific commodity crops through application of good agricultural practices, agroforestry and better land management. Fourth, improvement of the value chains. Fifth, development of connectivity, for instance, production centres and distribution channels. Sixth, restoration of degraded land. Seventh, reward mechanisms for environmental services as well as innovative funding for sustainable commodities.
Read the master plan (in Indonesian)
Dewi, Ekadinata A, Leimona B. 2017. Melangkah Maju Menuju Pembangunan Sumatera Selatan yang Lestari. Masterplan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Hijau Berbasis Sumber Daya Alam Terbarukan 2017-2030. Palembang, Indonesia: Government of South Sumatra Province.
ICRAF The World Agroforestry Centre is one of the 15 members of the CGIAR, a global partnership for a food-secure future. We thank all donors who support research in development through their contributions to the CGIAR Fund.