Mitigation and adaptation: a perfect marriage made on farms
To feed a burgeoning global population, agricultural production has to more than double in the coming four decades, and it must do so within the expected climate-change-related stresses. Can this growth in production happen in a way that keeps greenhouse gas emissions (carbon dioxide, methane and others) to a minimum? And can it at the same time help farmers adapt to worsening climates?
Evidently so, but only if we focus on low-emission farming practices that also build ecological resilience.
According to Dr. Marja-Liisa Tapio-Biström of the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), we need to pay particular attention to three types of resilience, in order to achieve a convergence of mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
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