Measuring tree girth. Photo courtesy of Hillary Allison/UNEP-WCMC

Taking the pulse on biodiversity and environmental health: decision support tools, metrics and indicators

Without uniform standards for measurement and evaluation (metrics), and agreement on what to measure (indicators), it is hard to judge how things are progressing, particularly at the landscape scale. Metrics and indicators become particularly important when assessing long-term, often costly projects such as land restoration aimed at improving ecosystems and biodiversity. And they are crucial […]

baobab fruit_Ake

Will recognising links between biodiversity and human health lead to greater focus on the benefits of trees?

Wild indigenous fruit trees could lead to better health and nutrition across the globe, but their potential remains largely untapped as little attention has been given to their nutritional or economic value. For the first time, the World Health Organization (WHO) and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) have formally come together to recognize the mutual […]

Farmer in Githunguri, Kenya - Photo by ICRAF - Sherry Odeyo

Sharing evidence and experience on Climate-Smart Agriculture to inform policy

The Climate Change Unit at the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries in Kenya, with the support of FAO, ICRAF and CCAFS, convened the Kenya National Climate Change Agriculture Workshop from the 8th – 9th October. The core objectives of the workshop, hosted at the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) headquarters in Nairobi, were to engage […]


Integrating gender and social perspectives in climate research and programme development

Recent years have witnessed increased frequency and severity of climate extremes, affecting men and women in rural areas who mainly depend on agriculture for their livelihoods and food security. Socially and culturally ascribed gender roles and responsibilities however, largely determine how men and women each experience the effects of climate change. It is critical that […]

drone camera, aerial imaging, IRRI

How do you climate-proof the Philippines?

The Philippines contributes less than 1% of global greenhouse gases but it is hardest hit by extreme climate events. So strategies to help people mitigate, and adapt to, climate change should be specific to each country, according to a recently published book on climate change in the Philippines.   Climate change has been widely discussed […]

Farmer and plough, Sulawesi, Indonesia

Technology can help provide more food but basics must be met

As the effort to improve food-supply productivity continues, technology and innovation are imperatives but scientists warn that smallholders’ basic needs must first be met   By Enggar Paramita   Food security has become everybody’s problem. Government, private companies, research institutes, NGOs and the general public during the two-day AID Forum Food Security Summit: Asia 2014 […]

Dr James M. Roshetko, AIDF Food Security Summit Asia 2014

How to make sure we have enough to eat

The world is increasingly concerned with providing enough food for its growing population in the face of a changing climate. Agroforestry can be the key to meeting the challenge   By Enggar Paramita   Ensuring national food security can be challenging depending on the biophysical and socioeconomic circumstances and can be made more so by […]

Aspen regenerating on the Wasatch Plateau Utah after a forest fire

The forest-water interaction: complex but vital to billions

One quarter of the world’s population depends on water from forested catchments. No one knows this better than Jay Humphries. “In 1900 this land was grazed off and forested out,” the watershed manager told foresters visiting Utah’s Wasatch Plateau from the 24th Congress of the International Union of Forest Research Organisations (IUFRO). “Water quality was […]

Mrs Pongnapha Srina

Thai farmers are wealthier and healthier thanks to their agroforests

Farmers in Thailand are adopting agroforestry for environmental and human health, diversified and increased incomes and to mitigate global warming     ‘The advantages of agroforestry? How can I answer this? There are so many’, said Mr Naris Khamthisri of Kusumal district, Sakon Nakhon province in northeastern Thailand. His nearly 5 hectares, which he has […]

PhotoVoice, Smart Tree-Invest, Philiippines

Using local ecological knowledge to assess smallholders’ vulnerability

Researchers in the Philippines are collecting local ecological knowledge from smallholders as a first step in supporting farmers’ adaptation to climate variability and market fluctuations     Using the Capacity-strengthening Approach to Vulnerability Assessment (CaSAVA) method, researchers are assessing the vulnerability of smallholders to climate and market variabilities at both the landscape and household levels. […]



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